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KStream API — Stream of Records

KStream<K, V> is an abstraction of a stream of records (of key-value pairs).

KStream can be created directly from one or many Kafka topics (using StreamsBuilder.stream operators) or as a result of transformations on an existing KStream instance.

KStream offers a rich set of operators (KStream API) for building topologies to consume, process and produce (key-value) records.

Contract (Subset)

flatMap

KStream<KR, VR> flatMap(
  KeyValueMapper<
    ? super K,
    ? super V,
    ? extends Iterable<? extends KeyValue<? extends KR, ? extends VR>>> mapper)
KStream<KR, VR> flatMap(
  KeyValueMapper<
    ? super K,
    ? super V,
    ? extends Iterable<? extends KeyValue<? extends KR, ? extends VR>>> mapper,
  Named named)

foreach

void foreach(
  ForeachAction<? super K, ? super V> action)
void foreach(
  ForeachAction<? super K, ? super V> action,
  Named named)

groupBy

KGroupedStream<KR, V> groupBy(
  KeyValueMapper<? super K, ? super V, KR> keySelector)
KGroupedStream<KR, V> groupBy(
  KeyValueMapper<? super K, ? super V, KR> keySelector,
  Grouped<KR, V> grouped)

groupByKey

KGroupedStream<K, V> groupByKey()
KGroupedStream<K, V> groupByKey(
  Grouped<K, V> grouped)

join

KStream<K, RV> join(
  GlobalKTable<GK, GV> globalTable,
  KeyValueMapper<? super K, ? super V, ? extends GK> keySelector,
  ValueJoiner<? super V, ? super GV, ? extends RV> joiner)
KStream<K, RV> join(
  GlobalKTable<GK, GV> globalTable,
  KeyValueMapper<? super K, ? super V, ? extends GK> keySelector,
  ValueJoiner<? super V, ? super GV, ? extends RV> joiner,
  Named named)
KStream<K, RV> join(
  GlobalKTable<GK, GV> globalTable,
  KeyValueMapper<? super K, ? super V, ? extends GK> keySelector,
  ValueJoinerWithKey<? super K, ? super V, ? super GV, ? extends RV> joiner)
KStream<K, RV> join(
  GlobalKTable<GK, GV> globalTable,
  KeyValueMapper<? super K, ? super V, ? extends GK> keySelector,
  ValueJoinerWithKey<? super K, ? super V, ? super GV, ? extends RV> joiner,
  Named named)
KStream<K, VR> join(
  KStream<K, VO> otherStream,
  ValueJoiner<? super V, ? super VO, ? extends VR> joiner,
  JoinWindows windows)
KStream<K, VR> join(
  KStream<K, VO> otherStream,
  ValueJoiner<? super V, ? super VO, ? extends VR> joiner,
  JoinWindows windows,
  StreamJoined<K, V, VO> streamJoined)
KStream<K, VR> join(
  KStream<K, VO> otherStream,
  ValueJoinerWithKey<? super K, ? super V, ? super VO, ? extends VR> joiner,
  JoinWindows windows)
KStream<K, VR> join(
  KStream<K, VO> otherStream,
  ValueJoinerWithKey<? super K, ? super V, ? super VO, ? extends VR> joiner,
  JoinWindows windows,
  StreamJoined<K, V, VO> streamJoined)
KStream<K, VR> join(
  KTable<K, VT> table,
  ValueJoiner<? super V, ? super VT, ? extends VR> joiner)
KStream<K, VR> join(
  KTable<K, VT> table,
  ValueJoiner<? super V, ? super VT, ? extends VR> joiner,
  Joined<K, V, VT> joined)
KStream<K, VR> join(
  KTable<K, VT> table,
  ValueJoinerWithKey<? super K, ? super V, ? super VT, ? extends VR> joiner)
KStream<K, VR> join(
  KTable<K, VT> table,
  ValueJoinerWithKey<? super K, ? super V, ? super VT, ? extends VR> joiner,
  Joined<K, V, VT> joined)

merge

KStream<K, V> merge(
  KStream<K, V> stream)
KStream<K, V> merge(
  KStream<K, V> stream,
  Named named)

peek

KStream<K, V> peek(
  ForeachAction<? super K, ? super V> action)
KStream<K, V> peek(
  ForeachAction<? super K, ? super V> action,
  Named named)

print

void print(
  Printed<K, V> printed)

process

void process(
  ProcessorSupplier<? super K, ? super V, Void, Void> processorSupplier,
  Named named,
  String... stateStoreNames)
void process(
  ProcessorSupplier<? super K, ? super V, Void, Void> processorSupplier,
  String... stateStoreNames)

repartition

KStream<K, V> repartition()
KStream<K, V> repartition(
  Repartitioned<K, V> repartitioned)

split

BranchedKStream<K, V> split()
BranchedKStream<K, V> split(
  Named named)

to

void to(
  String topic)
void to(
  String topic,
  Produced<K, V> produced)
void to(
  TopicNameExtractor<K, V> topicExtractor)
void to(
  TopicNameExtractor<K, V> topicExtractor,
  Produced<K, V> produced)

toTable

KTable<K, V> toTable()
KTable<K, V> toTable(
  Materialized<K, V, KeyValueStore<Bytes, byte[]>> materialized)
KTable<K, V> toTable(
  Named named)
KTable<K, V> toTable(
  Named named,
  Materialized<K, V, KeyValueStore<Bytes, byte[]>> materialized)

transform

KStream<K1, V1> transform(
  TransformerSupplier<? super K, ? super V, KeyValue<K1, V1>> transformerSupplier,
  Named named,
  String... stateStoreNames)
KStream<K1, V1> transform(
  TransformerSupplier<? super K, ? super V, KeyValue<K1, V1>> transformerSupplier,
  String... stateStoreNames)

Implementations

Demo

import org.apache.kafka.streams.scala._
import ImplicitConversions._
import serialization.Serdes._

val builder = new StreamsBuilder

// Use type annotation to describe the stream, i.e. stream[String, String]
// Else...Scala type inferencer gives us a stream of "nothing", i.e. KStream[Nothing, Nothing]
val input = builder.stream[String, String]("input")
scala> :type input
org.apache.kafka.streams.scala.kstream.KStream[String,String]
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