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= [[DiskBlockManager]] DiskBlockManager

DiskBlockManager creates and maintains the logical mapping between logical blocks and physical on-disk locations for a[BlockManager].

.DiskBlockManager and BlockManager image::DiskBlockManager-BlockManager.png[align="center"]

By default, one block is mapped to one file with a name given by its BlockId. It is however possible to have a block map to only a segment of a file.

Block files are hashed among the <>.

DiskBlockManager is used to create a[DiskStore].

TIP: Consult[Demo: DiskBlockManager and Block Data].

== [[creating-instance]] Creating Instance

DiskBlockManager takes the following to be created:

  • [[conf]][SparkConf]
  • [[deleteFilesOnStop]] deleteFilesOnStop flag

When created, DiskBlockManager <> and initializes the internal <> collection of locks for every local directory.

In the end, DiskBlockManager <> to clean up the local directories for blocks.

== [[localDirs]] Local Directories for Blocks


localDirs: Array[File]

While being created, DiskBlockManager <> for block data. DiskBlockManager expects at least one local directory or prints out the following ERROR message to the logs and exits the JVM (with exit code 53).

Failed to create any local dir.

localDirs is used when:

  • DiskBlockManager is requested to <>, initialize the <> internal registry, and to <>

  • BlockManager is requested to[register with an external shuffle server]

== [[subDirsPerLocalDir]][[subDirs]] File Locks for Local Block Store Directories

[source, scala]

subDirs: Array[Array[File]]

subDirs is a lookup table for file locks of every <> (with the first dimension for local directories and the second for locks).

The number of block subdirectories is controlled by[spark.diskStore.subDirectories] configuration property (default: 64).

subDirs(dirId)(subDirId) is used to access subDirId subdirectory in dirId local directory.

subDirs is used when DiskBlockManager is requested for a <> or <>.

== [[createLocalDirs]] Creating Local Directories for Block Data

[source, scala]

createLocalDirs( conf: SparkConf): Array[File]

createLocalDirs creates blockmgr-[random UUID] directory under local directories to store block data.

Internally, createLocalDirs <> and creates a subdirectory blockmgr-[UUID] under every configured parent directory.

For every local directory, createLocalDirs prints out the following INFO message to the logs:

Created local directory at [localDir]

In case of an exception, createLocalDirs prints out the following ERROR message to the logs and skips the directory.

Failed to create local dir in [rootDir]. Ignoring this directory.

createLocalDirs is used when the <> internal registry is initialized.

== [[getFile]] Finding Block File (and Creating Parent Directories)

[source, scala]

getFile( blockId: BlockId): File // <1> getFile( filename: String): File

<1> Uses the name of the given BlockId

getFile computes a hash of the file name of the input[] that is used for the name of the parent directory and subdirectory.

getFile creates the subdirectory unless it already exists.

getFile is used when:

  • DiskBlockManager is requested to <>, <>, <>

  • DiskStore is requested to[getBytes],[remove],[contains], and[put]

  • IndexShuffleBlockResolver is requested to[getDataFile] and[getIndexFile]

== [[createTempShuffleBlock]] createTempShuffleBlock Method

[source, scala]

createTempShuffleBlock(): (TempShuffleBlockId, File)

createTempShuffleBlock creates a temporary TempShuffleBlockId block.


== [[getAllFiles]] All Block Files

[source, scala]

getAllFiles(): Seq[File]


NOTE: getAllFiles is used exclusively when DiskBlockManager is requested to <>.

== [[addShutdownHook]] Registering Shutdown Hook -- addShutdownHook Internal Method

[source, scala]

addShutdownHook(): AnyRef

addShutdownHook registers a shutdown hook to execute <> at shutdown.

When executed, you should see the following DEBUG message in the logs:

DEBUG DiskBlockManager: Adding shutdown hook

addShutdownHook adds the shutdown hook so it prints the following INFO message and executes <>.

INFO DiskBlockManager: Shutdown hook called

== [[doStop]] Stopping DiskBlockManager (Removing Local Directories for Blocks) -- doStop Internal Method

[source, scala]

doStop(): Unit

doStop deletes the local directories recursively (only when the constructor's deleteFilesOnStop is enabled and the parent directories are not registered to be removed at shutdown).

NOTE: doStop is used when DiskBlockManager is requested to <> or <>.

== [[getConfiguredLocalDirs]] Getting Local Directories for Spark to Write Files -- Utils.getConfiguredLocalDirs Internal Method

[source, scala]

getConfiguredLocalDirs(conf: SparkConf): Array[String]

getConfiguredLocalDirs returns the local directories where Spark can write files.

Internally, getConfiguredLocalDirs uses conf[SparkConf] to know if[External Shuffle Service] is enabled (based on[spark.shuffle.service.enabled] configuration property).

getConfiguredLocalDirs checks if <> and if so, returns <LOCAL_DIRS-controlled local directories>>.

In non-YARN mode (or for the driver in yarn-client mode), getConfiguredLocalDirs checks the following environment variables (in the order) and returns the value of the first met:

  1. SPARK_EXECUTOR_DIRS environment variable
  2. SPARK_LOCAL_DIRS environment variable
  3. MESOS_DIRECTORY environment variable (only when External Shuffle Service is not used)

In the end, when no earlier environment variables were found, getConfiguredLocalDirs uses[spark.local.dir] Spark property or falls back on System property.


getConfiguredLocalDirs is used when:

  • DiskBlockManager is requested to <>

* Utils helper is requested to[getLocalDir] and[getOrCreateLocalRootDirsImpl]

== [[getYarnLocalDirs]] Getting Writable Directories in YARN -- getYarnLocalDirs Internal Method

[source, scala]

getYarnLocalDirs(conf: SparkConf): String

getYarnLocalDirs uses conf[SparkConf] to read LOCAL_DIRS environment variable with comma-separated local directories (that have already been created and secured so that only the user has access to them).

getYarnLocalDirs throws an Exception with the message Yarn Local dirs can't be empty if LOCAL_DIRS environment variable was not set.

== [[isRunningInYarnContainer]] Checking If Spark Runs on YARN -- isRunningInYarnContainer Internal Method

[source, scala]

isRunningInYarnContainer(conf: SparkConf): Boolean

isRunningInYarnContainer uses conf[SparkConf] to read Hadoop YARN's[CONTAINER_ID environment variable] to find out if Spark runs in a YARN container.

NOTE: CONTAINER_ID environment variable is exported by YARN NodeManager.

== [[getAllBlocks]] Getting All Blocks (From Files Stored On Disk)

[source, scala]

getAllBlocks(): Seq[BlockId]

getAllBlocks gets all the blocks stored on disk.

Internally, getAllBlocks takes the <> and returns their names (as BlockId).

getAllBlocks is used when BlockManager is requested to[find IDs of existing blocks for a given filter].

== [[stop]] stop Internal Method

[source, scala]

stop(): Unit


NOTE: stop is used exclusively when BlockManager is requested to[stop].

== [[logging]] Logging

Enable ALL logging level for logger to see what happens inside.

Add the following line to conf/


Refer to[Logging].

Last update: 2020-10-06