Skip to content

Netty-Based RpcEnv

Netty-based RPC Environment is created by NettyRpcEnvFactory when[spark.rpc] is netty or org.apache.spark.rpc.netty.NettyRpcEnvFactory.

NettyRpcEnv is only started on[the driver]. See <>.

The default port to listen to is 7077.

When NettyRpcEnv starts, the following INFO message is printed out in the logs:

Successfully started service 'NettyRpcEnv' on port 0.

== [[thread-pools]] Thread Pools

=== shuffle-server-ID

EventLoopGroup uses a daemon thread pool called shuffle-server-ID, where ID is a unique integer for NioEventLoopGroup (NIO) or EpollEventLoopGroup (EPOLL) for the Shuffle server.

CAUTION: FIXME Review Netty's NioEventLoopGroup.

CAUTION: FIXME Where are SO_BACKLOG, SO_RCVBUF, SO_SNDBUF channel options used?

=== dispatcher-event-loop-ID

NettyRpcEnv's Dispatcher uses the daemon fixed thread pool with <> threads.

Thread names are formatted as dispatcher-event-loop-ID, where ID is a unique, sequentially assigned integer.

It starts the message processing loop on all of the threads.

=== netty-rpc-env-timeout

NettyRpcEnv uses the daemon single-thread scheduled thread pool netty-rpc-env-timeout.

"netty-rpc-env-timeout" #87 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007f887775a000 nid=0xc503 waiting on condition [0x0000000123397000]

=== netty-rpc-connection-ID

NettyRpcEnv uses the daemon cached thread pool with up to <> threads.

Thread names are formatted as netty-rpc-connection-ID, where ID is a unique, sequentially assigned integer.

== [[settings]] Settings

The Netty-based implementation uses the following properties:

  • (default: NIO) - NIO or EPOLL for low-level IO. NIO is always available, while EPOLL is only available on Linux. NIO uses while EPOLL
  • always equals 1
  • (default: 0; maximum: 8) - the number of threads to use for the Netty client and server thread pools. ** (default: the value of ** (default: the value of
  • spark.rpc.netty.dispatcher.numThreads (default: the number of processors available to JVM)
  • spark.rpc.connect.threads (default: 64) - used in cluster mode to communicate with a remote RPC endpoint
  • spark.port.maxRetries (default: 16 or 100 for testing when spark.testing is set) controls the maximum number of binding attempts/retries to a port before giving up.

== [[endpoints]] Endpoints

  • endpoint-verifier (RpcEndpointVerifier) - a[RpcEndpoint] for remote RpcEnvs to query whether an RpcEndpoint exists or not. It uses Dispatcher that keeps track of registered endpoints and responds true/false to CheckExistence message.

endpoint-verifier is used to check out whether a given endpoint exists or not before the endpoint's reference is given back to clients.

One use case is when an[AppClient connects to standalone Masters] before it registers the application it acts for.

CAUTION: FIXME Who'd like to use endpoint-verifier and how?

== Message Dispatcher

A message dispatcher is responsible for routing RPC messages to the appropriate endpoint(s).

It uses the daemon fixed thread pool dispatcher-event-loop with spark.rpc.netty.dispatcher.numThreads threads for dispatching messages.

"dispatcher-event-loop-0" #26 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007f8877153800 nid=0x7103 waiting on condition [0x000000011f78b000]