Using Spark SQL to update data in Hive using ORC files

The example has showed up on Spark’s users mailing list.

  • FIXME Offer a complete working solution in Scala

  • FIXME Load ORC files into dataframe

    • val df ="orc").load(to/path)

Solution was to use Hive in ORC format with partitions:

  • A table in Hive stored as an ORC file (using partitioning)

  • Using SQLContext.sql to insert data into the table

  • Using SQLContext.sql to periodically run ALTER TABLE…​CONCATENATE to merge your many small files into larger files optimized for your HDFS block size

    • Since the CONCATENATE command operates on files in place it is transparent to any downstream processing

  • Hive solution is just to concatenate the files

    • it does not alter or change records.

    • it’s possible to update data in Hive using ORC format

    • With transactional tables in Hive together with insert, update, delete, it does the "concatenate " for you automatically in regularly intervals. Currently this works only with tables in orc.format (stored as orc)

    • Alternatively, use Hbase with Phoenix as the SQL layer on top

    • Hive was originally not designed for updates, because it was.purely warehouse focused, the most recent one can do updates, deletes etc in a transactional way.


  • Spark Streaming jobs are receiving a lot of small events (avg 10kb)

  • Events are stored to HDFS, e.g. for Pig jobs

  • There are a lot of small files in HDFS (several millions)